terça-feira, 28 de julho de 2009

Encyclopedia of Fantasy and Horror Fiction



Welcome to the world of elves, dragons, unicorns, vampires, werewolves, ghosts, and magic.

This book is designed to serve as a companion to Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (2005), and covers the remaining two main branches of fantastic fiction, fantasy and supernatural horror.

Critics have argued for years about precisely where the borderlines should be drawn within fantastic fiction as a whole, but some broad assumptions can be made, although even in these cases there are numerous exceptions to the rule. Generally, then, whereas science fiction assumes that the universe operates according to certain natural laws, even if they are sometimes laws about which we have yet to learn, fantasy and horror are similar in that they assume quite the contrary. There are some elements in the worlds of fantasy that are not entirely rational and often do not obey what we think of as natural law.

Although there is usually fairly close agreement regarding what is science fiction and what is fantasy, the distinction is considerably less clear between fantasy and supernatural fiction, which is one reason why it makes sense to consider them together here. Should a humorous ghost story such as “Topper” by Thorne Smith fall under supernatural horror simply because it has a ghost in it?

Should “Casting the Runes” by M. R. James be considered fantasy because it involves the use of a magical spell? And how should we classify the works of Laurell Hamilton, who deals with vampires and werewolves but who sets her novels in an alternate world where both are accepted members of society?

This confusion about the borders between the two genres is so pervasive that some publishers and critics have taken to using the term dark fantasy to indicate those works that could be plausibly included in either category.
Fantasy and the supernatural both evolved from myths, legends, and folklore later developed into fairy tales, which though ostensibly written for children were often contrived with adults in mind.

Hans Christian Andersen and the Brothers Grimm gave way to George MacDonald, William Morris, H. Rider Haggard, James Branch Cabell, and others.

Children’s fantasy in particular has contributed a number of novels that are significant not just as fantasy but as classics in general, including such familiar titles as Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi, Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll, The Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum, and Peter Pan by J. M. Barrie, and in more recent years the Narnia books by C. S. Lewis, The Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien, the Earthsea series by Ursula K. Le Guin, and perhaps most notably the Harry Potter series by J. K. Rowling.

For much of the 20th century, publishers treated adult fantasy as a subdivision of science fiction, and books from both genres are still shelved together in bookstores, although horror fiction is usually given its own much smaller section or is lumped in with mysteries or general fiction.



Introduction
A-to-Z Entries
Glossary
Award Winners
Bibliography of Fantasy and Horror Fiction
Selected Bibliography of Secondary Sources
Index

Encyclopedia of Fantasy and Horror Fiction - DON D’AMMASSA [ Download ]