terça-feira, 18 de agosto de 2009

Fantastic Voyages - Learning Science Through Science Fiction Films



Do you relish science fiction films but do not have quite the same feeling about science?

If so, this book was written with you in mind. We, the authors, are college professors who also happen to love science fiction films.

Because of our scientific expertise, we can get even more enjoyment from screening science fiction films than the average viewer because we understand what is possible or what is truly “out of this world” in the universes portrayed on film.

After reading this book and working through the exercises at the end of each chapter, you will get more out of screening science fiction films you will have a deeper understanding of the scientific principles presented in the films and probably a new respect for those filmmakers who depict science fiction that is close to science fact.

The goal of this book is to provide basic physics and biology instruction, using scenes from science fiction films as examples of the concepts discussed. Your instructor will most likely use clips from the films to illustrate a scientific principle, and you will probably find that seeing a portrayal of a scientific principle (or of a principle’s violation) helps you to understand a concept better than more traditional methods of classroom instruction.

Furthermore, by watching films you will get a better feel for how different fields of science interact—rarely does a film deal with physics only and not for example, biology, astronomy, or the social sciences.

We hope that you will come to enjoy both science and science fiction films as much as we do. (Even if you have to forgo the popcorn!)




PHYSICS
CHAPTER 1 SCIENCE
A Brief History of Science
Science, Religion, and Technology
The Scientific Method
Science and the Media
The Andromeda Strain
Measurement and Uncertainty
Scientific Notation
Units and Standards
Changing Units
Exercises

CHAPTER 2 MECHANICS
Speed and Velocity
Frame of Reference
Acceleration
Newton’s Laws of Motion
Momentum
The Day the Earth Caught Fire / Superman / 2010
Energy
Forbidden Planet / The Empire Strikes Back / Terminator 2: Judgment Day
Rotational Motion
2001: A Space Odyssey / 2010
Gravity
The Black Hole
Satellite Motion
2001: A Space Odyssey / Aliens
Exercises

CHAPTER 3 ASTRONOMY
The Solar System: The Planets
The Sun
The Moon
2010 / Total Recall / Aliens
Meteors and Comets
Meteor / Deep Impact
The Galaxy and the Universe
The Black Hole
The Evolution of the Universe
Intelligent Life Elsewhere
Star Trek IV
Ancient Astronauts
2001: A Space Odyssey / Hangar 18
Exercises

CHAPTER 4 ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM
Electrical Forces
Electrical Charges
Electric Currents
Electric Power
The Day the Earth Stood Still
Magnetism
Computers
2001: A Space Odyssey / Colossus: The Forbin Project /
Terminator 2: Judgment Day / Blade Runner
Exercises

CHAPTER 5 ATOMIC AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS
The Atom
Antimatter
Atomic Spectra
Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home / The Fly (1986 Version) /
The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai / Terminator 2: Judgment Day
The Nucleus
Effects of Radiation
Radiation Detectors
Nuclear Fission and Fusion
The Three Mile Island Accident
The Chernobyl Accident
The China Syndrome
Nuclear Terrorism
The Peacemaker
Forbidden Planet
Aliens
Elementary Particles
Fantastic Voyage / Outer Limits: “The Production and Decay of Strange Particles”
Exercises

CHAPTER 6 RELATIVITY AND TIME
Time Dilation
Time Travel
Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home / Superman: The Movie
Terminator 2: Judgment Day / The Time Machine
Length Contraction
Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home
Increase of Mass with Speed
Mass-Energy Transformation
General Theory of Relativity
Gravity and Time
The Black Hole
Exercises

CHAPTER 7 THE STATES OF MATTER
The Solid State
Star Trek: “Arena”
Density
Size, Mass, and Strength
Them!
The Liquid State
Pressure
The Abyss
Buoyancy
Pascal’s Principle
Gases: Atmospheric Pressure
The Gaseous State
Equation of Continuity
Bernoulli’s Principle
Star Wars / Blade Runner
Diffusion
Them!
Exercises

CHAPTER 8 HEAT, TEMPERATURE, AND THERMODYNAMICS
Temperature
Thermal Expansion
Heat
Specific Heat
Heat Transfer
Silent Running / The Empire Strikes Back /
Phase 4 / 2010
Change of State
Them! / The Thing (1951 Version)
Thermodynamics
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
Zardoz
Exercises

CHAPTER 9 WAVE MOTION AND SOUND
Waves
Wave Speed
Transverse Waves
Longitudinal Waves
Interference
The Doppler Effect
Sound
Superman,
Speed of Sound
The Abyss / The Day of the Triffids
Resonance
Loudness
Shock Waves and the Sonic Boom
The Day the Earth Stood Still
The Electromagnetic Spectrum
The Day of the Triffids
Light
Polarization
Holography
Star Wars/ Total Recall
Exercises

CHAPTER 10 GLOBAL WARMING AND
THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT
How the Greenhouse Effect Works
Types of Greenhouse Gas
Projections of the Effects of Global Warming
Kyoto Protocol
What Can Be Done to Reduce the Impact of the Greenhouse Effect
Related Films
Star Trek: The Next Generation, A Matter of Time / The Arrival,
Exercises

BIOLOGY
CHAPTER 11 CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS
The Cell Theory
Cell Structure and Function
Selected Organelles and Their Functions
Cell Size
Organisms
Kingdoms of Organisms
The Andromeda Strain
Exercises

CHAPTER 12 CELLULAR REPRODUCTION
Diploid and Haploid Cells
Fertilization and Meiosis
Development
Genes
Mutations and Them!
Exercises

CHAPTER 13 THE ENERGY NEEDS OF LIVING THINGS
Work Requires Energy
Organization Requires Energy
Enzymes and Pathways
Adenosine Triphosphate
Hydrogen and Electron Carrier Molecules
Photosynthesis
Glycolysis
Mitochondrial Pathways
Silent Running
Exercises

CHAPTER 14 PLANTS AND ANIMALS COMPARED
Differentiation
Tissues of Animals
Organs of Animals
Organ Systems in Animals
From Organs to Tissues in Plants
The Day of the Triffids
Exercises

CHAPTER 15 MULTICELLULARITY AND IMMUNITY
Multicellularity
Cell Adhesion Molecules
Histocompatibility
Immunity
Fantastic Voyage
Exercises

CHAPTER 16 EVOLUTION
Environments and Prevailing Organisms Change
Natural Selection by Survival of the Fittest
Adaptation and Speciation
Homologies, Development, and Vestigial Structures
Planet of the Apes
Extinction
Biodiversity
Jurassic Park
Exercises

FILM DESCRIPTIONS
FILMS WITH LITERARY COMMENTARY
2001: A Space Odyssey
2010: The Year We Make Contact
The Andromeda Strain
Blade Runner
Colossus: The Forbin Project
Contact
The Day of the Triffids
The Day the Earth Caught Fire
The Day the Earth Stood Still
Fantastic Voyage
Forbidden Planet
Hangar 18
Them!
The Thing (1951 version)
The Time Machine
Total Recall
FILMS WITHOUT LITERARY COMMENTARY
The Abyss
The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai
After the Warming
Aliens
Star Trek: “Arena”
The Arrival
The Black Hole
The China Syndrome
Deep Impact
The Empire Strikes Back
The Fly (1986) Version
Independence Day
Jurassic Park
Meteor
The Peacemaker
Phase IV
Planet of the Apes (1968) Version
Planet of the Apes (2001) Version
The Production and Decay of Strange Particles (The Outer Limits)
Silent Running
Star Trek: The Next Generation—”A Matter of Time”
Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home
Star Wars
Superman
Terminator 2: Judgment Day
Zardoz
INDEX



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